The Consolidated PBY Catalina

When I first saw this plane it was in a black and white photo much like the one below. Many famous black and white photographs were taken after the Japanese strike on Pearl Harbor, December 7th 1941, of the ships and planes that were destroyed at the base. Amongst those photographs was a shot of a row of PBY flying boats that were beached after the bombing. Shots like that one have stuck in my mind as ones of interest and while I don’t want to recreate that exact image, the feeling and power in the image is something that I strive for. It was that image that first got me interested in this particular aircraft and is to this day one of my favorite planes, Consolidated PBY Catalina.

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The PBY was a long range Patrol Bomber that served many uses by the Armed Services as well as Air Forces for many other nations. It was developed throughout the 1930’s and first flew on March 28th, 1935. Over three thousand were built between 1936-1945. They were retired from the US Navy in 1957 but remained in service with the US Air Force until the 1980’s. Today many still remain active as an aerial fire bomber all over the world. One of the reasons it was such a successful aircraft was that it had a range of about 2,500 miles. The combination of such a large range, cargo hold up to 4,000 lbs including possible armaments, and landing capabilities on both water and land made this an ideal airplane for the Pacific.

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The designation PBY actually means Patrol Bomber and then the Y is for Consolidated. While it was primarily designed for that purpose the plane served many others throughout it’s career. Such roles included, antisubmarine warfare, maritime patrols, night attack and interdiction, search and rescue and some early commercial use. Throughout those roles it was given several nicknames, two of the most popoular were the “Cat” for combat missions and “Dumbo” for rescue operations. One of the most interesting features of the plane is its Wingtip retractable floats which allow for greater stability when landing on the water and more streamlined flight performance when in the air. This is seen above and below.

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This particular PBY belongs to Jim Slattery and his Greatest Generation Naval Museum. While several examples still remain on static display at various museums, this is one of the few flying examples with a military scheme, both inside and out.

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This PBY, as well as in the first image, is part of Fantasy of Flight in Polk City Fl. It is a PBY-5A Catalina built in 1943. The name Catalina came after the Catalina Islands in 1941. The United States insignia on the plane actually goes back to WWI which wanted the three primary colors of the American flag present in their insignia. The blue circle around a white star and a red inner circle roughly 1/3 the diameter of the blue outer circle. During WWII this was put onto American planes but found that friendly fire incidents arose, initially being blamed on the red circle which had at that point been reduced to appear as the points of a center of a pentagon. The overall look at a distance was too similar to the Japanese Hinomaru symbol and thus a pole was taken in which it was the shape that was consistently reported as being the problem, not color. By June of 1943 the insignia was redesigned with bars flanking the roundel with a red border all the way around. By September of 1943 the red was still unsatisfactory and a blue outline was put around the design. By 1944, US Navy aircraft were painted in almost the same gloss midnight blue as the outer blue line of the insignia as well as the roundel, so the blue was left off with the white remaining.

The PBY Catalina was one of the most important players over the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. It also made a fair reputation in the Indian Ocean. It is known to have sunk forty submarines in the Atlantic on antisubmarine missions, while at the same time PBY’s were picking up downed airmen in the Pacific. Thousands of men owe their lives to the this plane. While it certainly is not the fastest plane, with a speed of 179mph, nor is it the sleekest looking with its giant upper wing, the PBY does have a long and important note in the pages of Aviation History.

Images Captured with Nikon D3, 24-70 AF-S f/2.8, 200-400 VR, on Lexar UDMA Digital Film

When to go Black and White

When to convert an image to black and white? This has always been a question that I have asked and is often answered during the moment of capture. Sometimes it’s the subject or sometimes it’s the mood of the moment, but something about the moment it clicks that makes you think, “hey that will be a nice black and white.” It’s common in most fields of photography but in aviation it is a lot less. I never quite figured out why. Perhaps it’s because everything we knew about aviation was once captured in black and white and now everything has to be captured in color. It’s the difference between historical images and contemporary images.

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These two examples are ones that I took a while back of a PBY Catalina and a T6 Texan. Both of these images I converted not because of the mood, or the subject, or even the clouds but of the combination of everything. The goal was to recreate the historic images that lead the way in avaition photography. A classic black and white image of a PBY beached at Pearl Harbor with destruction all around has become a staple in military history. As well ha all the images of trainer aircraft flying above the clouds. It’s simple ideas of recreating the past that fuels the projects for the future. Theses ideas spark others and the cycle continues. Black and White photography is not just about the right elements, but about the overall message being conveyed.

One Big Flying Boat

You got to love flying boats. It’s one thing for a plane to land on a piece of earth but landing on water and then taking off again is just something else. The Consolidated PBY Catalina was one of the most widely used flying boats in WWII for air sea rescue, patrols, cargo, and antisubmarine activity. It was used in the military up till the 1980’s and in some areas is still used for firefighting as a water dumper. However more are seen today in museums than they are flying about, so to have the opportunity to photograph this plane was awesome.

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One of the rather unique features of this aircraft is the wing pontoons go up and down from the edge of the wings. The pontoons go down when the plane lands on the water and go back up, as seen, when the plane is flying as a way to decrease drag and increase speed. Although it may not be the fastest plane, it sure is great observation plane.

In the Camera Bag:
Nikon D3, 200-400 VRII, on Lexar UDMA Digital Film

Photoshop World is Almost Here!

Photoshop World is Almost Here!

I can’t believe how fast time has gone by again and how quickly Photoshop World is approaching! Only a few more days and it’s time to fly down to Orlando. I’m writing this and my hands are trembling they are so excited. There is of course no better way to start out the week then with a Precon taught by some of the best instructors around.

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These were taken a couple years ago at Fantasy of Flight where a previous Precon was held and where this years Photo Safari is being held again. The top is a Ford Trimotor and the bottom image is a PBY. These are just a couple of the amazing aircraft that are housed in the hangers of this unbelievable collection. What lays in store for us this time on the Safari with planes, people and even some rein-actors?! I don’t know but I can’t wait.

In the Camera Bag:
Nikon D3, 24-70 AF-S f/2.8, on Lexar UDMA Digital Film

A PBY For Your Thoughts

A PBY For Your Thoughts

I always dislike the days when inspiration just isn’t coming to me and i have to basically force it out. Those are the times when it’s hardest to blog. I didn’t want to leave the day blank so i dug this up as just a quick flyby. It does however keep in theme with this week though. One of my favorite planes is the PBY. This multi-engine float plane was ideal for sea rescues, scouting, and transportation from Navy bases. Not many have survived in today’s world due to the rigorous work that is involved with keeping it flying. However, in mind it has always been and will always be one of the iconic aircraft for black and white images.

In the Camera Bag:
Nikon D3, 70-200 VRII, on Lexar UDMA Digital Film

The Birds of Fantasy of Flight

The Birds of Fantasy of Flight

I am a little behind in blogging again which isn’t abnormal when times get busy. This past weekend was a very busy time with very little sleep. As some of you might know from my Dad’s site, last weekend we were in Florida with another adventure in the new series of Air to Air workshops. This time we were at the fabulous Fantasy of Flight like we were for Precon this past April. Fantasy of Flight has some truly spectacular aircraft, all of which has its own unique history. Now the guy who owns Fantasy of Flight is Kermit Weeks who has in his collection over 160 aircraft, that’s a few stories! We were lucky and got to work with some really cool planes including the one up above the Shorts Sunderland. This plane usually never comes out of the hanger, thankfully there was an event that weekend and it had to come out for space. This plane used to fly but unfortunately it hasn’t been flown in some time making it in need of repairs now. It’s still a great plane, massive but great!

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The night we flew in which was Friday night, there was a massive thunderstorm that went through the area and Saturday morning when we went to the airfield we had a nice layer of fog. The fog is just a great backdrop for the planes. The airfield already is super clean with a lake and trees in the background and of course the best part is no fences! The addition of the fog creates this feeling or allusion of being back in England on a cold morning right before battle, which is quite nice with some of the planes we were working with including the P51C Mustang and the TP-40. The Duck was a favorite of Dad’s for some time so naturally he wanted to photograph it. Thanks to Kermit we were able to.

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The major highlight for the workshop was the P51C Mustang. Photographing the Duck, Sunderland, TP-40, and a few other planes, was absolutely marvelous but the P51C was just beautiful. The amount of detail and time spent in this plane is obvious. The plane is painted in the colors of the Tuskegee Airmen, in particular it was painted in the colors of the groups ace Lee Archer. Although not seen here, the plane actually has his signature on the armor platting in the cockpit. Most of the morning was actually spent around this plane. Once the sun came up and the fog left we spent hours working these planes from the ground all the way up to the top of a ladder. It was amazing. This one plane took over an hour to shoot all the angles and details, and even then i know there were images missed.

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Like i said the sun rose and the fog began to disperse. In a normal morning shooting statics we tend to spend a couple of hours at location. Usually before sunrise to 8am or 9am. Not long, a couple of hours and then it’s breakfast. Well this morning was so good that we arrived at 6am and didn’t leave until 10am when the museum actually opened to the public. It was that good of a shoot, no one wanted to stop. I can honestly say that there are more images in my files then there is time to process them and put them up on my blog. The last plane that caught my eye, was of course the PBY which had a great background with the ground fog. I still love this plane, can’t wait to see it in the air, and i thought i would share it with you all.

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Images captured with Nikon D3, AF-S 70-200 VRII, AF-S 24-70, on Lexar UDMA Digital Film

More to the Gallery

More to the Gallery

As some of you might have expected from earlier this week, there are now two new additions to my Aviation Gallery. First obviously is the PBY. It’s just too cool of a plane not to have up there. The next one wasn’t one of my favorites at first. The L39 which is a Vietnam era jet has been at the Reno Air Races for some time and i have photographed it a number of times. Until i got this static shot last year i didn’t think it was that great of a plane. Visually of course. It just seemed to commercial looking, don’t know why just how it seemed. One morning during PRS the skies weren’t great, no clouds, just light and with some help from ACR this was the result. Now i can see the beauty in the plane.

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Black and White VS. Color

Black and White VS. Color

This is not at all a new topic, the idea of choosing when to convert images into black and white. Ever since i started in aviation photography a couple of years ago, i have slowly converted some images. The problem that seems to arise is when. The fact these planes are seventy years old creates an overwhelming feeling that they should always be in black and white. It just creates that nostalgia old world feel. In a way there is a seduction with the images in black and white which can be just addicting and that’s where the problem lies. It can be over done.

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This past month the folks and myself were down in Florida for Photoshop world. Dad’s precon was at Fantasy of Flight, which is an incredible museum/theme park and one of the planes in particular caught my eye. This PBY was in great shape considering there aren’t many left flying nowadays. Well i shot the plane from many angles, tight and wide, and afterward i discovered something interesting about the plane. The PBY is probably one of the best planes to turn into a black and white image, here’s why. This particular plane has a white point, the star, and a black point, the nose so the two basics of a good black and white are already there. No how intense those colors are are entirely up to the photographers discretion. The other powerful element this plane has is its wing span. These planes have a really long wing and it shows in an image. It is so long that below 24mms you have to be careful otherwise that line will start to bend. That line is just so powerful that it does bring the eye in. It’s one of those planes that just needs to be photographed.

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Images captured with Nikon D3, AF-S 24-70, on Lexar UDMA Digital Film

Fantasy of Flight Precon

Fantasy of Flight Precon

Final found some time to get up a few images from the Precon on Tuesday. We had a new Precon that was all about aviation photography. It was another Moose and Joe show this time with the beautiful planes for the background. We had two stops along the way for this Precon first was at Fantasy of Flight, and amazing place with amazing planes, and second over at Stallion 51 which also had some amazing planes. Everything below is just from Fantasy of Flight with some more on the way.

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This “museum” which really isn’t a museum it’s a private collection that this guy Kermit Weeks lets people come and visit. The cool thing is that he has it set up like an amusement park so when you first enter is this giant reenactment. There is the World War I trenches you walk through the briefing room and of course the best part the B17 which is setup with displays as you walk through it. Once you get past all of this you come out into the actually hangers and in these hangers are a number of great aircraft. This is of course only a small fraction of the facility there is a lot more that is not open to the public, including the restoration hangers.

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Out on the ramp were two parked planes. The first one that caught my eye was the Ford Tri-motor, the plane above. This plane was used for commercial flying until the passengers could no longer take the bumpiness or the duration. It was eventually replaced for a more efficient plane. The amusing thing was there was a Stinson Tri-motor not far away behind the ford and those two were competing against one another. Shooting it was no challenge there were many ways. I literally did circles around the plane because there was so much too do. The clouds really made a difference they made everything pop. Without them, i probably would’ve blown this plane off. Background makes the shot.

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This guy is the Duck, a rather unique plane. This is an amphibious and ground plane. It could take off and land on both water and land. It is also a rare plane there are not many left flying in the world, even less in the United States. I’m not going to spend a whole of time here because in my next post I’m will be talking about just this plane.

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Alrighty moving right along with the day, walking around the ramp, talking with folks, helping wherever i could; te sound of an engine crank began and soon to follow was a plane getting ready to take off. Who would it be? None other than the biplane. At Fantasy of Flight is the option to take aerial tours. the plane of choice for doing such a tour is the Steerman. What better way to fly around Orlando than in a World War I Steerman. It is quite a sight. I always wonder how many people call the police department when they see those older planes a flying. Once again not a big trick to shoot. The only thing that you need to keep in mind is that the plane is moving so you must pan with the plane, keep the camera in shutter priority to get the prop blurred and the plane sharp. Anywhere under 1/250th shutter speed will get a blur, be careful with planes taxiing out they go slower. The only way to really get better at this is practice because most planes differ in the shutter speed needed.

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At last my favorite plane from the Precon and for that matter the whole vacinity, the PBY. This is truly a great plane. They were used for reconisance, air to sea rescue, and transport. They were very versatile, however they were not fuel efficient. This is a big ass plane and it has two engines which takes even more gas to keep it moving. Like most warbirds there are not many left and even less flying. It’s really too bad because they are great. The first half of the Precon was great. The planes were great, both static and flying, Joe did his lighting demo with the models which was a great tie in with the planes and the participants learned some things about aviation photography. However, we aren’t done yet!

Images captured with Nikon D3, AF-S 24-70, AF-S 70-300 Vr, on Lexar UDMA Digital Film

Images captured with Nikon D3, AF-S 24-70, AF-S 70-200, on Lexar UDMA Digital Film

A New Museum to Explore

This past Saturday Dad and I went down to the Palm Springs Air Museum to see what treasures it would yield. The museum was holding a 65th anniversary to island hopping in the pacific specifically Midway Island and Gaudalcanal. Neither of us knew anything about their speaker format or what their flight demonstration would be like, so it was a good time to go learn especially since we had nice weather there and back. Now Dad spent a lot of time in the mountains and valleys in southern California but i hadn’t. Even being born in Santa Barbara and the occasional project Dad was working on, as a kid i wasn’t down in the area much. So along the way down to Palm Springs, Dad was pointing out places he had been when he was a kid and how much everything has changed.

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The Museum was quite impressive, inside and out with an F16 and Tomcat on display in the front yard and a memorial honoring some of the fallen. Inside the first thing that stood out beyond all else was a painting that expanded across most of the wall above us. It depicted the battle of midway with extraordinary detail. After admissions we started wandering looking at the displays and variants of aircraft. We later found out that the founder Robert Pond had between 25-30 planes in his collection, this included a B25 and B17. The first couple of planes that stood out were the Bearcat and Dauntless parked outside near the fence. Great looking planes, so unaccustomed to seeing a Bearcat that wasn’t modified. Outside was also the PBY which was amazing to see, so few exist nowadays.

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Walking around inside we saw a number of good looking planes. In the “Pacific Theater Room” was another Dauntless, Wildcat, Hellcat, Corsair and one of my new favorites the A26 Marauder. I saw one for the first time down at CAF Headquarters Arizona. This one looked even better, sitting inside helped, it had great yellow and red wings that just stood out in the room. Moving around we found the room with the B25, along with it was a P51, Spitfire and of course the P40 Warhawk. You just can’t not love this plane. The look of those shark jaws in the front just makes it look mean. It was of course replaced with the P51 during the war so it must not have been mean enough. Mousing around we found the room with the B17. Not quite as polished as the one at CAF but still great looking. This one was open to walk inside of seeing what it would’ve been like to be crammed inside of one.

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As we were waiting outside watching the T33 Shooting Star get ready for its flight, it was the plane doing the flying demo that day, i looked back across the yard to see if there were any missed shots. I seem to keep missing them, it’s definetely difficult with fences and hangers surrounding the place. I never got a good shot of the PBY with 24-70 while walking around, so perhaps the 200-400 would be better. That’s when Dad pointed out the nose art and i had to get the click. Next up was the flight!

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Images Captured with D3, Nikon Nikkor AF-S2.8 24-70, Nikon Nikkor Vr 200-400 f4, on Lexar UDMA Digital film

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